What disease had a serious outbreak in Brazil in 2015?
Zika virus ( ZIKV ) has been identified in 2015 in Brazil for the first time, causing outbreaks of an illness characterized by skin rash and absent or low grade and short-termed fever . It is difficult to distinguish ZIKV from Dengue (DENV) or (CHIKV) based on the acute clinical presentation.
What disease does Brazil have 2015?
In May 2015, the public health authorities of Brazil confirmed autochthonous transmission of Zika virus in the northeastern part of the country.
When was the Zika outbreak in Brazil?
– 22 May 2015: The first case of Zika was confirmed in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, in a 52-year-old man. The State of Sao Paulo is the most populous in Brazil, with over 44 million persons. The infection was confirmed by the Adolfo Lutz laboratory in Sao Paulo and re-confirmed by the Evandro Chagas Institute.
What is Brazil doing about the Zika virus?
In order to fight the vector of the infection, the mosquito, the Brazilian Government has deployed 220,000 troops and 300,000 health agents, who are visiting communities to educate the population and help eliminate all mosquito breeding grounds.
Is the Zika virus a pandemic or epidemic?
Epidemic and pandemic are terms primarily distinguished in terms of spread of contagious, infectious, or viral illness. An epidemic is limited to one specific region while a pandemic has a worldwide spread. Zika virus disease is an epidemic which was reported in Brazil in Feb., 2016.
When was the last virus pandemic?
The 1918 influenza pandemic was the most severe pandemic in recent history. It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin. Although there is not universal consensus regarding where the virus originated, it spread worldwide during 1918-1919.
What are two potential ways that a human can contract the Zika virus?
How Zika Spreads Ways Zika is Spread. Zika is spread primarily by mosquito bites, but it can also spread through sex and from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Zika and Blood Transfusion. No confirmed Zika cases from blood transfusion in the US. Zika and Animals.
What disease is in Brazil?
Infectious diseases are still significant causes of deaths in Brazil. The infectious diseases include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Chagas disease , diarrheal diseases and other infectious diseases.
What happened to the Zika virus scare?
But then last summer, the virus declined sharply in its hotspots and all but disappeared in the U.S. In 2016, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and American Samoa saw more than 36,000 cases of locally transmitted Zika virus . By 2017, the number had dropped to 665.
Was the Ebola virus a pandemic?
“The epidemic killed about 774 people out of 8,098 that were infected,” IFLScience reported. “It started as an outbreak in Asia and then spread to two dozen countries and took the form of an epidemic .” A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread worldwide.
Does Brazil have the Zika virus?
Brazil’s Ministry of Health identified 579 new suspected cases of Zika between December 2019 and February 2020. A Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other congenital conditions in infants.
Is Zika still a concern in 2020?
As of January 2020 , there are no areas with a current Zika outbreak. If you are trying to get pregnant, or your partner is trying to get pregnant, then you may want to reconsider travel because of the virus’s link to birth defects and complications.
Is Zika still a threat 2019?
In 2018 and 2019 , no local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission has been reported in the continental United States. If you are traveling outside of the continental United States, see Zika Travel Information to learn about your destination.
How many Zika cases does Brazil have?
In 2016, the state of Rio de Janeiro alone reported over 71,000 probable Zika virus infections, however this number dropped to only 2,210 cases in 2017. As of January 2018, some 2,952 confirmed cases of Zika-related microcephaly in newborns were reported in Brazil.
How did Zika virus get to Brazil?
Researchers generally believe the virus was brought to Brazil by an infected traveler who had been exposed to the virus in French Polynesia, who was then bitten by a mosquito that then infected others.